LAUREA MAGISTRALE
Moral theories I A
a.a.: 2020/2021 - anno di corso: 1
Settore M-FIL/03 - CFU 6 - Semestre II - Codice 1056298
Note insegnamento:
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Programma
Bernard Williams: Moral Anti-Theory and Ethical Necessity
 
The course aims to present, in their entirety, the two key texts of the moral thought of Bernard Williams: namely, Ethics and the Limits of Philosophy (1985) and Shame and Necessity (1993). In these works,as well as in some corollary writings we shall equally survey, we find articulated his staunch criticism of large portions of modern and contemporary ethics and the parallel excavation of a somewhat underplayed yet eventful ancient canon in moral thinking. Williams almost single-handedly operated a radical reconfiguration of moral theorizing in the direction of its de-systematization and de-transcendentalization, suggesting a line of thinking, in moral matters, which does without such crucial notions as principles, duty, rights, and obligation, lying at the heart of the most representative modern and contemporary approaches to moral matters. In the light of this criticism, Williams turns to the ancients, and especially to Greeks authors within and without (what we now, customarily take to be) philosophy, to show how, despite the obvious historical distance (also finely problematized by Williams), we are, in a sense, still very much working in the wake of the their own struggle to square necessity with both autonomy and responsibility in our quests for identities formation and transformation.
Programma inglese
Bernard Williams: Moral Anti-Theory and Ethical Necessity
 
The course aims to present, in their entirety, the two key texts of the moral thought of Bernard Williams: namely, Ethics and the Limits of Philosophy (1985) and Shame and Necessity (1993). In these works,as well as in some corollary writings we shall equally survey, we find articulated his staunch criticism of large portions of modern and contemporary ethics and the parallel excavation of a somewhat underplayed yet eventful ancient canon in moral thinking. Williams almost single-handedly operated a radical reconfiguration of moral theorizing in the direction of its de-systematization and de-transcendentalization, suggesting a line of thinking, in moral matters, which does without such crucial notions as principles, duty, rights, and obligation, lying at the heart of the most representative modern and contemporary approaches to moral matters. In the light of this criticism, Williams turns to the ancients, and especially to Greeks authors within and without (what we now, customarily take to be) philosophy, to show how, despite the obvious historical distance (also finely problematized by Williams), we are, in a sense, still very much working in the wake of the their own struggle to square necessity with both autonomy and responsibility in our quests for identities formation and transformation.
Obiettivi
Fatta salva una serie di obiettivi di fondo (conoscenza e comprensione della disciplina; capacità di applicare conoscenza e comprensione; capacità critica e di giudizio; capacità di comunicare quanto si è appreso; capacità di proseguire lo studio in modo autonomo), il corso si propone di raggiungere più specificamente i seguenti ulteriori obiettivi: conoscenza delle principali caratteristiche degli approcci analitici e pragmatici all'etica con riferimento al dibattito contemporaneo sui limiti e gli obiettivi della filosofia morale; miglioramento delle abilità scritte e orali attraverso esposizioni in aula, dibattiti e composizioni scritte.
Valutazione
- Prova scritta
- Prova orale
Descrizione valutazione
Rich text editor, valutazione_m, press ALT 0 for help. The exam, beside in-class active participation, consists in an oral examination, which will last an average of 30 minutes and will be about the themes presented in class as well as on a final written essay agreed upon with the instructor. In order to successfully pass the exam, students should prove to: 1. know the fundamental doctrines of the various authors covered; 2. be able to read and comment the texts analysed in class; 3. properly master the technical terminology of the various covered authors; 4. being able to recognise and carefully reconstruct the most important theoretical concepts, also in their diachronic evolution; 5. offer critical and original arguments departing from the texts and authors analysed. The fulfilment of 1 and 2 is necessary for the passing of the exam. Marks above 27 will be given to students fulfilling all five points above.
Testi
B. Williams, Ethics and the Limits of Philosophy, Routledge, London & New York, 2011 (Routledge Classics, 3rd edition)
B. Williams, Shame and Necessity, Berkeley: University of California Press, 2008 (2nd edition)
A. Thomas (ed.), Bernard Williams, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2007
 
Note
n.d.
Orario Lezioni
Martedì 9.30 - 11.30 (RM052 Aula XIII - I PIANO)
Giovedì 9.30 - 11.30 (RM052 Aula X - PIANO TERRA)
Inizio lezioni: Martedì 9 Marzo 2021

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