a.a.: 2021/2022 - anno di corso: 1
Settore L-ANT/01 - CFU 6 - Semestre I - Codice 10598851
Note insegnamento:
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The course shall start with an analysis of Epipalaeolithic communities of the Levant and the Anatolian coast (12000 BCE), to pass then on to the full Neolithic and later Chalcolithic (3000 BCE) communities of Western Asia.
Specific topics shall be:
Epipalaeolthic and Natufian
Prepottery Neolithic of the Levant, Cyprus and the Middle Euprates
The neolithization process and its “diffusion” towards the Balkans and the Aegean
The Neolithic in central and western Anatolia
Networks, contacts and communication routes
The Chalcolithic and the origin of inequalities
Metallurgy and relations between the Levant, Sinai and the Caucasus
Economic and craft specialisations at the dawn of the Early Bronze Age
Programma inglese
In consistency with the educational purposes of the whole teaching course, aim of the course is to give students a basic knowledge and comprehension skills in the field of prehistory and protohistory of Western Asia, with the help of advanced textbooks. Moreover, it will make the student able to apply the acquired knowledge in an expert and reflective way, making autonomous judgments, communicating ideas and problems in a clear and correct way, and developing the knowledge required to go further in the studies. A last aim is that of providing the students with methodological and theoretical instruments for the study and analysis of prehistoric contexts in Western Asia.
Specific aim of the course is the understanding of the dynamics that have brought to the development of egalitarian agricultural and pastoral societies and later to the development of complex societies, characterised by inequality and economic and technological specialization. The regions investigated shall be the Levant (eastern coast of the Mediterranean Sea), Cyprus and Anatolia and particular interest shall be devoted to social and economic organization, technological knowledge, ideological and symbolic characters. Central shall be the issue of relations between these regions and both maritime and terrestrial routes of communication will be investigated for both the Neolithic (10th-6th millennia BCE) and Chalcolithic phases (5th-4th millennia BCE) and the course shall evaluate to what extent these might have contributed to the development of each region. Finally, the role of Western Asia in stimulating the neolithization process in other regions of eastern Europe shall be critically evaluated.
Descrizione valutazione
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Boyd, B. 2018. Settled? Recent debates in the archaeology of the Epipalaeolithic and Pre-Pottery Neolithic of Southwest Asia. asian archaeol 1, 63–73 (2018).
Richter, T., A.N. Garrard, S. Allock, and L.A. Maher. 2011. Interaction before agriculture: Exchanging material and sharing knowledge in the final Pleistocene Levant. Cambridge Archaeological Journal 21: 95–114.
Horejs, B.2019. Long and short revolutions towards the Neolithic in western Anatolia and Aegean. Documenta Praehistorica46, 68-83.
ÖzdoÄŸan, E.2015. Current Research and New Evidence for the Neolithization Process in Western Turkey. European Journal of Archaeology, 18(1), 33-59. doi:10.1179/1461957114Y.0000000079 
VERHOEVEN, M. 2002. Transformations of society : the changing role of ritual and symbolism in the PPNB and the PN in the Levant, Syria and south-east Anatolia, Paléorient 28/1: 5-13.
Rollefson, Gary O. 2011. The Greening of the Badlands: Pastoral Nomads and the “Conclusion” of Neolithization in the Southern Levant, Paléorient 37/1: 101 - 109
Kuijt I. 2011. Home is where we keep our food: The origins of agriculture and Late Pre-Pottery Neolithic food storage, Paléorient 37/1: 137 - 152
Rowan, Y.M., Golden, J. 2009. The Chalcolithic Period of the Southern Levant: A Synthetic Review. J World Prehist 22, 1–92 (2009).
Rowan, YM., Ilan D. 2007, The meaning of ritual diversity in the Chalcolithic of the southern Levant, in Cult in Context: Reconsidering Ritual in Archaeology, ed. D. Barrowclough and C. Malone, 249-254, Oxford, Obxow.
Milevski I., 2013, Vol. 39, No. 1, The Transition Late Chalcolithic to Early Bronze Age in the Southern Levant (2013), pp. 193-208
Golden, J. New Light on the Development of Chalcolithic Metal Technology in the Southern Levant. J World Prehist 22, 283–300 (2009).
The first two lessons (18 and 20th of October) of the course shall be held only remotely because I am on quarantine due to the recent return to Rome from the excavation in Turkey. The link for those two and all following classes shall be:
From the second week, classes shall take place at the Museo delle Origini, on the back of the building of "Lettere e Filosofia" in the central Sapienza campus.
I warmly invite you to participate physically to the classes, even though remote links are admitted and at times needed due both to visa regulations and to the special sanitary conditions of COVID-19.
Students are furthermore invited to sign in to the following googleclassroom, where all indications regarding the course shall be posted and communication between students and with me will be aided by a chat. 
Orario Lezioni
Lunedì 11.00 - 13.00 (CU003 Aula Museo delle Origini - PIANO SEMINTERRATO)
Mercoledì 15.00 - 17.00 (CU003 Aula Museo delle Origini - PIANO SEMINTERRATO)
Inizio lezioni: Lunedì 18 Ottobre 2021

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