LAUREA MAGISTRALE
HISTORY OF ARABIC PHILOSOPHY
a.a.: 2021/2022 - anno di corso: 1
Settore M-FIL/06 - CFU 6 - Semestre I - Codice 10598542
Note insegnamento:
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Programma
Arabic Sciences and Philosophy in the Renaissance.
The course aims to offer students an introduction to the most significant authors and issues of Islamic philosophy, with particular attention to the legacy of Arabic Sciences and Philosophy in the Renaissance. The first part of the course focuses on the following topics: nature and characteristics of the falsafa; persecution and the art of writing;the kalam;translation of philosophical texts from Greek and/or Syriac into Arabic, and from Arabic into Hebrew and Latin; al-Kindi; al-Farabi; Ibn Sina; al-Ghazali; Ibn Bajja; Ibn Tufayl; Averroes.
The second part of the course is devoted to the analysis of Giovanni Pico della Mirandola’s rediscovery of Arabic thought, focusing on his “Conclusions according to the doctrine of the Arabs”, contained in his 900 Conclusions (or Theses). In this context we will focus on Averroes’ legacy in Jewish and Latin thought from the 13th century to the 16th century, and the main debated issues derived from Arabic sources in the Renaissance.
The course is divided into three didactic units:
- a very short introduction to Islam (4 hours);
- examination of the most significant authors and issues of Islamic philosophy (16 hours);
- Giovanni Pico della Mirandola’s 900 Theses (without forgetting the Oration on the dignity of man, which was meant to be the preface of the 900 Theses) and the rediscovery of Arabic Sciences and Philosophy in the Renaissance (22 hours).
 
Programma inglese
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Obiettivi
Given for granted some basic and indispensable goals (knowledge and understanding in the field of studies; ability to apply knowledge and understanding; capability of critical analysis; ability to communicate about what has been learned; skills to undertake further studies with some autonomy), the course intends to attain the following specific objectives: knowledge of the main elements of Islamic religion, theology (kalam), and culture; knowledge of the main authors and issues of the falsafa (Islamic philosophy), with particular reference to its classical period (9th century – 12th century). The student will also become familiar with the technical vocabulary of Islamic philosophy, and will be able to identify the main literature on the subject. Other objectives are the following: knowledge of the translatio studiorum of philosophical and scientific texts; awareness of the debt owed by Jewish and Latin thought to Islamic philosophy and science; ability to orient oneselfwith respect to different linguistic and historical milieus; enhancing critical awareness of our past.
 
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Testi
Testi adottati
 
1. Giovanni Pico della Mirandola, 900 Conclusions (Conclusiones nongentae), in S. Farmer, Syncretism in the West: Pico’s 900 Theses (1486), MRTS, Tempe 1998, with particular reference to the “Conclusions according to the doctrine of the Arabs”, pp. 250-281.
 
2. Dag N. Hasse, Success and Suppression. Arabic Sciences and Philosophy in the Renaissance, Harvard University Press, Cambridge (Mass.), 2016, pp. 1-315.
 
3. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (https://plato.stanford.edu/), entries on: Greek Sources in Arabic and Islamic Philosophy; al-Kindi; al-Farabi; Ibn Sina; al-Ghazali; Pico della Mirandola. On Ibn Bajja, Ibn Tufayl and Averroes, see: Marc Geoffroy, in Storia della filosofia nell’Islam medievale, ed. by Cristina D’Ancona, Einaudi, Torino 2005, vol. 2, pp. 671-774.
 
***
 
For those who are not acquainted with Islamic culture and religion, I suggest the following reading: Carole Hillenbrand, Islam. A New Historical Introduction, Thames and Hudson, London 2015 (It. trans.: Islam. Una nuova introduzione storica, Einaudi, Torino 2016).
 
For those wishing to deepen the subject of the course: G. Licata, «Secundum Avenroem». Giovanni Pico, Elia del Medigo e la “seconda rivelazione” di Averroè, Officina di Studi Medievali, Palermo, forthcoming.
 
 
Bibliografia di riferimento
 
- Il Corano, a cura di Alessandro Bausani, BUR, Milano 2006
- Thomas E. Burman, Reading the Qur'an in Latin Christendom, 1140-1560, University of Pennsylvania Press, Philadelphia 2007
- Leonardo Capezzone, Medioevo arabo. Una storia dell’Islam medievale, Mondadori, Milano 2016
- Ira M. Lapidus, A History of Islamic Societies, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge 2014
- Oliver Leaman, An Introduction to Classical Islamic Philosophy, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge 2002
- History of Islamic Philosophy, ed. by Seyyed Hossein Nasr and Oliver Leaman, Routledge, London 1996
- Miguel Cruz Hernández, Storia del pensiero nel mondo islamico, Paideia, Brescia 1999-2000, 3 vols
- Storia della filosofia nell’Islam medievale, a cura di Cristina D’Ancona, Einaudi, Torino 2005, 2 vols
- The Cambridge Companion to Arabic Philosophy, ed. by Peter Adamson and Richard C. Taylor, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge 2005
- Oliver Leaman, Averroes and his Philosophy, Clarendon Press, Oxford 1988 (revised ed. 1998)
- Dimitri Gutas, Greek Thought, Arabic Culture, Routledge, London 1998 (It. trans.: Pensiero greco e cultura araba, Einaudi, Torino 2002)
- Mauro Zonta, La filosofia antica nel Medioevo ebraico. Le traduzioni ebraiche medievali dei testi filosofici antichi, Brescia, Paideia 1996
- Leo Strauss, Persecution and the Art of Writing, The University of Chicago Press, Chicago 1988 (1st ed. 1952)
- Encyclopaedia of Islam, 2nd Edition, E. J. Brill, Leiden 1960-2004, 12 vols
- The New Cambridge History of Islam, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge 2010, 6 vols
Note
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Orario Lezioni
Martedì 10.30 - 12.30 (RM052 Aula XI M.M. Olivetti - PIANO TERRA)
Venerdì' 10.30 - 12.30 (RM052 Aula XI M.M. Olivetti - PIANO TERRA)
Inizio lezioni: Martedì 5 Ottobre 2021

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