LAUREA
HISTORY OF PHILOSOPHY
a.a.: 2021/2022 - anno di corso: 2
Settore M-FIL/06 - CFU 12 - Semestre I - Codice 10595542
Note insegnamento: Integrato da 6 CFU
Dispense: Sono presenti 2 dispense associate all'insegnamento. Visualizza
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Programma
What is metaphysics? Martin Heidegger's question
 
With the publication of "Being and Time" (1927) Martin Heidegger reopened the Platonic 'battle of giants' on the question of being. By seeking a new foundation for ontology, he opened the door once again to metaphysics, a discipline that the history of philosophy seemed to have closed and overcome. However, he became increasingly aware of the difficulties of this project. The most important branch of philosophy and a fundamental requirement of human thought, metaphysics is also a source of unresolvable aporias. The need for metaphysics is thus first of all traced back, in the prolusion given in Freiburg in 1929, to the transcendence of human existence, suspended between being and nothingness. The course of 1935, then, deepens those problems of language that - starting from the etymology and grammar of the verb to be - have always weighed on western reflection and its categories. The "destruction of the history of ontology" announced in paragraph 6 of "Being and Time" is thus radicalised, becoming a veritable destruction of metaphysics itself. Through the reading of the texts that Heidegger, in this phase of his thought, dedicates to the question, the course aims not only at a detailed confrontation with a specific, very relevant moment in the history of philosophy, but also, starting from the paradigmatic nature of this moment, at providing the general coordinates of what the whole tradition has considered the "first philosophy".
 
Programma inglese
What is metaphysics? Martin Heidegger's question
 
With the publication of "Being and Time" (1927) Martin Heidegger reopened the Platonic 'battle of giants' on the question of being. By seeking a new foundation for ontology, he opened the door once again to metaphysics, a discipline that the history of philosophy seemed to have closed and overcome. However, he became increasingly aware of the difficulties of this project. The most important branch of philosophy and a fundamental requirement of human thought, metaphysics is also a source of unresolvable aporias. The need for metaphysics is thus first of all traced back, in the prolusion given in Freiburg in 1929, to the transcendence of human existence, suspended between being and nothingness. The course of 1935, then, deepens those problems of language that - starting from the etymology and grammar of the verb to be - have always weighed on western reflection and its categories. The "destruction of the history of ontology" announced in paragraph 6 of "Being and Time" is thus radicalised, becoming a veritable destruction of metaphysics itself. Through the reading of the texts that Heidegger, in this phase of his thought, dedicates to the question, the course aims not only at a detailed confrontation with a specific, very relevant moment in the history of philosophy, but also, starting from the paradigmatic nature of this moment, at providing the general coordinates of what the whole tradition has considered the "first philosophy".
 
Obiettivi
The course aims to provide a basic knowledge and understanding of the history of metaphysics, with a special focus on linguistic questions, in order to grasp the discipline in a global perspective. 
The course will allow students to reach the ability of comprehending and properly use concepts and terms of the history of metaphysics. Particular attention will be also devoted to the concrete consequences of metaphysical discussions in other fields (ethics, law, economics, politics etc…).
Students are requested to reach the ability of logically arguing and to express with the technical terms of the history of metaphysics. An exercise in understanding texts and in debating on logical and rational grounds will provide students the capability of critical reasoning and the habit of using a technical and academic language. 
Valutazione
- Prova orale
Descrizione valutazione
Rich text editor, valutazione_m, press ALT 0 for help. The evaluation consists of an oral examination. The following will be assessed (also during the course): 1. knowledge and understanding of the texts covered by the course, from their most general aspects to their details; in particular, the students' ability to confront a philosophical text and to critically analyse specific aspects of it will be assessed (marking points 1-15). 2. The students' ability to express themselves and to master the vocabulary (marking points 1-10). 3. Knowledge of the historical context (in relation to the thought of the authors covered by the course and in relation to the history of philosophy in general) (marking points 1-5).
Testi
M. Heidegger, Being and Time: Introduction (1927), §§ 1-8, D. F. Krell (Ed.), M. Heidegger. Basic Writings (1977) Harper and Row, New York 1993 pp. 37-88 
M. Heidegger, What is Metaphysics? (1929) in D. F. Krell (Ed.), M. Heidegger. Basic Writings (1977) Harper and Row, New York 1993, p. 89-110.
M. Heidegger, Introduction to Metaphysics (1935), Yale University Press, New Haven and London 2014. 
Note
Link to online Lessons: https://meet.google.com/nqm-edda-rky
Orario Lezioni
Lunedì 13.00 - 15.00 (CU003 Aula Etnologia - IV PIANO)
Mercoledì 13.00 - 15.00 (CU003 Aula Paleografia S. Martini - III PIANO)
Inizio lezioni: Lunedì 4 Ottobre 2021

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